You may try it. Personally I’m not convinced that sailors are so familiar with these standardised colours.
I started with the following choice of colours:
Green: the best conditions for sailing. Enjoy wind and sea.
Orange: conditions becoming tougher. Be careful
Red: hard conditions for a standard 30’ - 40’ cruising boat. Better to stay sheldered.
The result is may be not artistic but efficient.
I like to explain the Beaufort scale also with this table from F.Singleton, with a little humour :