Temperature of Forecasting Model
I am an undergraduate meteorology student in US. A question please that when model predicting the temperature, does it already consider some factors like cloud cover and wind direction, or it just do the calculation and get the number?
You will find probably answers to your question in this document from ECMWF.
It gives full details on IFS HRES implementation.
You should find too a similar document for GFS in NOAA library.
All details and documentation about GFS model are here : https://www.emc.ncep.noaa.gov/emc/pages/numerical_forecast_systems/gfs.php