Description of weather overlays



  • Wind: Average wind 10 meters above the surface (or at selected pressure level). Actual wind at the ground is influenced by many factors like mountains, cities, convective clouds and thermal effects.

    Wind gusts: Wind gusts 10 meters above the surface in the last 3 hours. Actual wind at the ground is influenced by so many factors like mountains, cities and thermal effects. ECMWF model has a different method of Wind gusts computation, resulting in higher values than other models.

    Temperature: Temperature 2m above the surface (or at the selected pressure level). The actual temperature is influenced by many factors like mountains, convective clouds and cities.

    Clouds: Clouds and rain/snow accumulation in the last 3 hours. Please note, that rain from convective clouds can not be included in this value, therefore observe CAPE index.

    Relative humidity: Relative humidity 2m above the surface (or at selected pressure level).

    Cape: Convective available potential energy, represents potential energy of atmosphere and can be the indicator of forming convective clouds and storms. Values from 1000 to 2000 can indicate forming of moderate thunderstorms, and over 2000 severe ones.

    Ozone: Total Column of Ozone, is a factor that influences the amount of dangerous UV radiation coming to the surface. Measured in Dobson units. Higher values mean more ozone and less UV radiation.

    Cloud base: Cloud base height is an altitude of lowest cloud base above the ground, so important for pilots. Model of terrain is simplified, so caution to use this values in the mountains.

    Rain Accumulation: Total rain accumulation in the next hours or days

    Snow Accumulation: Total snow accumulation in the next hours or days. To estimate snow depth, we use the ratio: 1mm of rain = 1cm of snow.

    Waves: Mean wave height and its period of all wave types combined (swell and wind waves). Close to the shoreline is actual height influenced by the shape of the sea bottom.

    Currents: Surface sea currents as estimated for actual time. Close to the shoreline is actual value influenced by the shape of shoreline and sea bottom. Also, actual surface sea currents can be influenced by the wind.

    SST: Sea surface temperature as estimated for actual time. Close to the shoreline is actual value influenced by the shape of shoreline and sea bottom, and also by wind and waves.

    Wind Waves: Mean wave height of waves formed by surface wind. Close to the shoreline is actual height influenced by the shape of the sea bottom.

    Swell: Mean wave height of low-frequency oceanic waves (usually travelling long distances).

    Swell period: Period of swell.

    Pressure: Mean sea level pressure.

    Rain: Rain/snow accumulation in the last 3 hours.

    Rain rate: Maximum precipitation rate in the last 3 hours. The total precipitation is calculated from the combined large-scale and convective rainfall and snowfall rates every time step and the maximum is kept since the last 3 hours.

    Dewpoint: Temperature at 2m above the surface (or at selected level) at which a water vapour in the air will form dew. It is a measure of atmospheric moisture.



  • @ivo
    In the latest version of windytv there are more overlays (e.g. cloud tops, frz altitude, visibility).
    So, some more descriptions needed.



  • @meteo-GR Yep



  • @ivo

    Could you explain difference between:

    • wawes
    • swell 1
    • swell 2
    • swell 3

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