Learn Clouds: Noctilucent clouds, Polar Mesospheric Clouds

  • photo:Kairo Kiitsak;author:Kairo Kiitsak;licence:cc;link:https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:KairoK&action=edit&redlink=1;desc: Noctilucent clouds over Simuna, Estonia.;

    Noctilucent clouds (NLC) or sometimes called Polar Mesospheric Clouds (PMC) are located 80-85 km above the Earth in the atmosphere. They can be seen in latitudes 50 and 70 on both hemispheres circa one hour after sunset and one hour before sunrise and shines white, unlike other clouds that are darker. There are 4 different types and some of them has even its subtypes in common classification.

    author:Windy;licence:cc;desc: Noctilucent clouds (NLC) diagram;

    The NLC need to satisfy 3 conditions: cool temperature (-140 °C to -160 °C), a lot of water and a few particles of dust. Little drops of water concentrate on particles of dust and begin to crystalize immediately. Little crystals of ice are created (radius of 30 - 100 nm) and they reflect the sunbeam when the sun is just beyond the horizon.

    photo: Ireen Trummer;licence:cc;author:Ireen Trummer;link: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/52/Noctilucent_Clouds.JPG;desc:Noctilucent clouds near the northern tip of Estonia.;

    photo: Kevin (KEEPIL) Cho;licence:cc;author:Kevin (KEEPIL) Cho;link:https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/Noctilucent_Clouds_over_Stockholm.jpg/1280px-Noctilucent_Clouds_over_Stockholm.jpg;desc:Noctilucent Clouds over Stockholm, Sweden - Jul 12, 2014 - Just like Northern Light, Noctilucent Clouds (NLCs) can be seen at the Scandinavian Countries (or Countries at High-altitude). Here in Sweden, you can find them during the summer after sunset, and it's really beautiful and magnificent. It's regarded as a natural phenomenon that clouds are shining due to ice crystals and dust's reflection after sunset. But some scientists are saying it may be related to the climate change recently, especially when it comes to the frequency and brightness (Surely it's stronger and frequent than before). This picture was taken at the Kungsholmen Island, is one of the main Islands of Stockholm City.;

    The NLC can be observed from May to September in the northern hemisphere and from November to February in the southern hemisphere. But are there any changes in this phenomenon? See the next article! (Little hint: You can see them in Australia and South Africa now, so prepare to hunt!)

Windyty, S.E. - all rights reserved. Powered by excellent NodeBB
NodeBB & contributors, OSM & contributors, HERE maps